First, a word about the clan MacIntyre, that seem to have been an offshoot from the clan Donald. The MacIntyres occupied Glen Noe, Lochetive for about five or six hundred years before 1806. They held the land under tenure from the Campbells of Glenorchy (afterwards Breadalbane). The annual payment was one snowball in summer and a white calf. The snowball was easily gotten at the back of Cruachan, and it was easy enough to keep a few white cows. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, so the story goes, the tenant at Glen Noe "foolishly" agreed to commute the traditional payment to cash. Very quickly the rent was escalated, and in 1806 they were forced to leave the land. This account is too harsh on the tenant at the time, because it ignores what was going on all over Scotland: the infamous Clearances. After the disasterous battle of Culloden 16 April 1746, the victorious King George II of England outlawed wearing tartans, playing the pipes, or carrying arms. The ties between the hereditary clan chiefs, the people, and the land were severed. The chiefs became landlords owning personally what they had held in common for all their people. Once they began thinking of the land as their private estates, they discovered it was more economical to raise sheep than people. Beginning in the 1760s the Clearances began as the poverty-stricken peasants were driven off the land.
The first person we can document in our MacIntyre line is DuncanB MacIntyre, who married Catherine McKay. The numbering system used here is that of the National Genealogical Society: generations in the "old country" are marked (like Duncan) with letters -- starting with A for the parents of the immigrant, and going back from there into the mists of time; numerals mark the generations in the USA, starting with 1 for the immigrant generation, and moving forward toward the present. Direct ancestors are in bold face type.
I am greatly indebted to Herb and Bud Dawson for doing a lot of the research and accumulating documents to chart births, marriages, and deaths in Scotland and for the immigrant generation.
We are able to start with Duncan and Catherine (McKay) MacIntyre who were born in the eighteenth century. They had a son, Donald, and therefore, if we knew if he was their oldest, we would have a good clue as to Duncan’s father’s name. There was a customary (though of course not absolute) naming pattern in Scotland. The eldest son was named for his paternal grandfather, the second son after his maternal grandfather, and a third son after his father. Likewise, the eldest daughter was named for her maternal grandmother, the second daughter for her paternal grandmother, and a third daughter after her mother.
Duncan was recorded in later family documents as a "slater", meaning that he worked with slate, probably either quarrying it or splitting into thin sheets for roofing.
Scotland now has digitized all the wills and estate inventories filed between 1500 and ca. 1900. These are indexed on the web at ScottishDocuments.com. However, there was no legal requirement to have a will in Scotland, and it doesn't appear that Duncan had one, or that his heirs found it necessary to go through legal proceedings to settle what was probably a very modest estate.
DonaldA MacIntyre, Sr., the son of Duncan and Catherine (McKay) MacIntyre, was born in about 1810-1811 in Kilbrandon parish, in what was then the district of Nether Lorn, County Argyle, Scotland. The parish includes a strip of land about 4 miles by 2 miles on the mainland, and a group of islands, of which five were inhabited. The post office was in the town of Easdale, which straddles the Sound of Easdale with part of it on the mainland and part on the island of Easdale. In 1841 this nearly circular island of about one square mile, had 531 people living on it. By 1861 population had shrunk to 449. Now there are fewer than 80. The parish church is on the southern end of the island of Seil. Seil has a bridge to the mainland, while Easdale depends upon a ferry. This group of little islands are known as the Slate Islands, from their composition. In the nineteenth century the Marquis of Breadalbane owned three quarters of the parish. He lived in Ardmaddy castle on a hill overlooking the bay. Our ancestors would not have been calling upon him.
Donald married Christina McGregor on 24 November 1832. Her birth name was Christian, and she also used Christy. Her parents were John and Catherine (Graham) McGregor. She was born in the parish of Kilmore.
Donald was at one time or another a seaman, a freestone quarrier (probably quarrying slate on Easdale), and a watchman. Life was probably pretty hard, and jobs may have been scarce. For whatever reasons Donald and Christina moved to Glasgow.
Donald died suddenly at 5:00 p.m. on 5 June 1857 at his home at 43 Castle Street, Glasgow, then Lanarkshire, Scotland. He received no medical attention; the Southern Necropolis in Glasgow listed the cause of death as “heart disease”. He was a 46 year old watchman. As far as I have been able to tell he did not leave a will and his heirs did not bother going through the legal system to settle his affairs.
The 1861 census gives a snapshot of the family, living on 43 Castle Street, Glasgow. Christina, at 52, was a stocking knitter. Daughter Catherine was employed as a 15-year old cotton power loom weaver, and son Archibald as a 13-year old bookbinder. Only 9-year old Alexander and 7-year old Christina were in school. The older children had left home to seek their fortunes, or at least to find enough work to scrape together enough to feed themselves.
Scenes in an old textile mill, now a working museum: the weaving work of inserting the shuttles would have been what Catherine did, at least 12 hours a day, 6 days a week. These scenes are at the Queen Street Mill, Burnley. Except for the electric lights and the modern clothing, and the fact that only a few looms are working here, the scene would have been familiar to Catherine.
Work in the textile mills was not pleasant. The noise was deafening. There were little or no safety precautions. The hours were long, and fringe benefits non-existent. If you got sick or were injured, you had no safety net except family. With no adult male wage earner, things were especially difficult for the MacIntryes.
At Styal: spinning the thread; at the Queen Street Mill: drawing in the warp threads
For two months Christina was ill with a hacking cough serious enough to warrant the expense of a physician, John Lothian. At least he certified the cause of her death as chronic bronchitis at 7:00 p.m. on 18 January 1867 at 10 Mason Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Children of Donald and Christina (McGregor) MacIntyre (some of this information needs further clarification):
i. John MacIntyre, b. 15 Sept. 1833, place unknown.
ii. Duncan MacIntyre, b. 1 Sept. 1835 in Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll; d. 2 Aug. 1861, aged 26 years;
so an alternate birth date is 12 Feb. 1835 at Ellenabeich [the birth records could be two different
children with similar names]
iii. Margaret MacIntyre, b. 1 Mar. 1837 in Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll. Alternately, “Peggy”, b. 10 Feb.
1837 at Ellenabeich.
iv. Mathew MacIntyre, b. 25 Apr. 1840 in Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll; d. at the age of 29 on 28 Dec.
1869 of typhus in the Barnhill Poorhouse in Springburn. He was unmarried, and had formerly been a carter.
v. Donald MacIntyre, b. 10 Sept. 1841 in Ellenabeich, Kilbrandon/Kilchattan, Argyll; m. 12 July 1872
Margaret Noble. See below.
vi. Catherine MacIntyre, b. 1 Dec. 1845 in Argyll, presumably named for both her grandmothers.
vii. Archibald MacIntyre, b. 20 Oct. 1847 in Argyll
viii. Alexander MacIntyre, b. 3 Mar. 1850 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire
ix. Christina MacIntyre, b. 28 May 1853 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. As the third daughter, she was named
for her mother.
x. Malcolm MacIntyre?
Donald1 MacIntyre, Jr., son of Donald and Christina (McGregor) MacIntyre, was born 10 September 1841 in Ellenabaich, a village in the parish of Kilbrandon. It may be situated on Easdale, a small island, half a mile east off Seil, and 12 miles south by west of Oban, off the west coast of Scotland, in Argyllshire. By the 1880s upwards of 200 men were employed in the quarries (including, for a while, Donald), which used then-modern technologies of steam engines and railroads. Already by that time slate had been quarried there for nearly 200 years.
|Family tradition holds that Donald removed to Edinburgh to live with an aunt and uncle who was a barrister, in order to get an education. Two other cousins (all from different families) boarded there, too. Donald worked in a print shop to earn his keep. He was there from age 12 to 18. He played cornet in the Queen’s Band, and enlisted for ten years in the 42nd Regiment, Queen Victoria’s Blackwatch Guard, that served in India. Family tradition holds that he fell ill of malaria, and spent two years recuperating in the south of France before rejoining his regiment in India for his final two years of enlistment. He returned to Scotland at the age of 30. There is a photo of him in his uniform:||Donald MacIntyre|
On 12 July 1872 Donald married Margaret Noble, daughter of William and Marjory (Black) Nible [sic]. Margaret was born in 1842 in Ireland. At the time of his marriage, Donald lived at 283 Stirling Road, and identified himself as a 29 year old journeyman boot presser. He was a lodger in the house of Samuel and Janet Cree, along with their 13-year old son and a 24-year old niece. Margaret was a power loom weaver, also 29 years old, living on Herriet Street in Pollokshaw. The wedding took place on Herriet St. after the banns had been read according to the forms of the Church of Scotland (Presbyterian). Philip Rodger was the officiating minister. The witnesses were James Anderson and Mary Reid. All four of their parents were deceased.
Pollokshaws, a town 3 miles southwest from Glasgow in the parish of Eastwood, that had been incorporated in 1813. It is by the river Cart and on the highroad to Glasgow. By about 1845 there were over 200 people employed there spinning cotton, and 400 employed at power weaving looms. There were also dyeworks. Presumably our MacIntyres were employed in the textile mills. Pollokshaws had no regular market, but there was a "pleasure fair" on the last Friday in May, with horse racing and other amusements. I don't know if employees would have been let off for a holiday or not. The gaol was built in town in 1845, and one can draw one's own conclusions about the felt need to keep the lower classes under control. The parish church in which Donald and Margaret had their children baptised was on the slope of a hill "at the extremity of the town".[Samuel Lewis, Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1846), 2:377-78.]
A guess is that the young couple lived at Margaret's flat at first, 31 Herriet Street in Pollokshaws. However, by the birth of their first child they were settled a few doors away at 34 Herriet Street. A descendant recounted the family tradition that at one point Donald and Margaret lived in a tenement called Pollok Flats. It had no running water, so the family had to get it from a pump or spigot on the street. In the 1960s large numbers of the old tenements were torn downto make way for modern apartment complexes. Now the Glasgow District Council is trying to restore some that remain.[Reminiscence of Raymond Charles Dawson.]
Margaret's two younger sisters lived nearby. Jane at 27, two years younger than Margaret, was married to John Fulton, a "cloth lapper", on 13 July 1860. Their son John was born 13 May 1861, followed by Alexander Craig Fulton on 19 August 1870. They had at least three more children.
Marjory Noble, 25, had married William Gilson, who died. She then married a ship painter named George Smith on 16 March 1871. Marjory worked as a power loom weaver. John Fulton served as one of the witnesses at their wedding, and the minister was Philip Roger.
There seems to have been a fourth sister, Ann Noble, widow, born in 1830, who was married to Philip Dalzell on 17 March 1863 at Gartsbervie, Old Monkland, Middle Parish, Glasgow.
Donald was variously a soldier, hot presser, freestone quarrier (presumably in the slate quarries of Easdale), and calender man. A calender was a machine with rollers between which cloth was run to give it a smooth, glossy finish. "Free stone" often refers to sandstone or limestone, which can be easily cut without splitting. I presume in Donald’s case it refers to slate, quarried on the island of Easdale. He was listed as a labourer in December 1869, calender man in May 1873, and a gray band maker in December 1874.
Between 1874 and 1876 they moved to 1 Greenbank Street, still in Pollokshaws. On the registration for their third child, born 1 December 1876, Donald no longer gave his occupation in any of the textile trades. Instead he was listed as a freestone quarrier. However, I am unclear if there were any quarries in Pollokshaws, so perhaps as an unemployed laborer he thought that a quarryman sounded better? Perhaps in retrospect life and employment at Easdale looked better than it had earlier? By 1879 the family decided to emigrate to the United States. Apparently recruiters from Philadelphia's textile mills roamed the streets of Glasgow offering contracts and passage to Pennsylvania. Margaret's sisters were also considering immigrating.
The family emigrated to the United States, sailing steerage on the SS. Lord Gough. She was a 4-masted steamship of 2,370 tons, of the American Line, sailing out of Liverpool.
Photo courtesy of Bud Dawson, from the National Maritime Museum archives.
They landed at Philadelphia on 13 October 1879 after a 16-day voyage. It is curious that the ship manifest only listed four of them: Donald, Margaret, and children Mathew (age 6) and Marg’t (age 3). [What happened to young Donald?] Margaret was eight months pregnant, giving birth to Robert on 23 October.
In Philadelphia, the family appears on Venango Street (no house numbers given) in the 1880 US census: Donald, head of the house, was a laborer. Margaret is listed as housekeeper, and Mathew, age 7, was at school. Younger children Margaret (age 5), Donald (4), and Robert (7 months) were at home. Eventually they seem to have removed to Washington Avenue, where their granddaughter, Mary, remembers them living. In time Donald secured a job at the Baldwin Locomotive Works. The 1882 Philadelphia City Directory has a number of MacIntyres (with various spellings) but none named Donald. The 1886 Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory lists a Donald McIntyre, laborer, living at 170 Gillingham, in Frankford. The next year it lists him as a boilermaker, which would corroborate employment at Baldwin. But there are additional Donalds in 1886 at other addresses. There are no Donalds in the 1897 Directory.
The 1900 census shows the MacIntyre family living in a rented house at 5006 Glenlock Street. Donald, aged 57 was a boiler maker, 19-year old son Robert was an iron roller. But the census has several interesting inconsistencies that may be due to carelessness on the part of the enumerator. It could also be faulty memories of the informants. For example, Donald and Margaret said they immigrated in 1875, not 1879. Donald was naturalized, Margaret was not. Robert was listed as being born in November 1880, not October 1879. Finally, Margaret was said to have had seven children, not five, all of them still living.
When Margaret's sister Jane and her husband John Fulton died, Margaret took in her neices Annie and Jeannie and raised them. Their son, who was the youngest Fulton child, was raised by Quaker farmers in Delaware. The older Fulton children were old enough to work, so struck out on their own.
Donald died 11 August 1902 of emphysema. The family was living at 5006 Glenloch Street at the time. The physician who signed the death certificate, and presumably had been treating Donald, was Dr. G. Norris of Frankford. Notice in the Philadelphia Record of August 12 reads:
On August 11, 1902 Donald McIntyre, aged 60 yrs. The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral services on Thurday afternoon August 14th at 2 o'clock at his late residence No. 5006 Glenlock [sic] Street, Frankford. Interment Private. Kindly omit flowers.Donald was buried at Belvue Cemetery. The burial date given in the Philadelphia Archives is 11 August, the same day he died. This burial date may be questioned as the funeral was held three days later. But as the funeral was from his home, the interment was mentioned as private, and it was August, if they did not want to pay for embalming, the burial may very well have been immediate.
Margaret found work as a housekeeper for Eli "Harry" Barfoot at 1731 Wakeling Street, in Frankford. He, too, was an immigrant, having been born in England on 9 August 1842. In 1911 they were married by the Rev. William C. Calder, at the North Frankford Baptist Church. Harry was identified as a laborer.
Margaret died about 12 October 1917, and was buried in Belvue Cemetery on the 15th, with her first husband. For some unknown reason the graves were moved to section B, lot no. 378 on 1 September 1926. After the Second World War, when there were rumors that the cemetery wasgoing to be moved, it is believed that Harry Barfoot paid extra money to insure that the remains would be properly interred at another cemetery. As it happened, in the 1950s Belvue Cemetery was closed, and material from the cemetery was trucked to Fraser, Penna., where it was dumped in one jumbled, unmarked site. The land at Belvue was turned into the Harrogate Plaza Shopping Center and a municipal playground.
Children of Donald and Margaret (Noble) MacIntyre:
i. Matthew2 MacIntyre, b. 4:00 a.m., 13 May 1873, at 34 Herriet St., Pollockshaw, Renfrew County,
Scotland. His second wife was Susan (__) Shallcross, a widow with two children.
ii. Margaret MacIntyre, called "Maggie", b. 6:00 a.m. on 5 Dec. 1874, at 34 Herriet St., Pollockshaw, Eastwood parish; d. 18 Sept. 1942; m. 15 Nov. 1874 [obviously an error] Alonzo Dawson.
iii. Donald McIntyre, b. 10:00 p.m., 1 Dec. 1876, at 1 Greenbank St., Pollockshaw. His wife Ella (__) had children from an earlier marriage. Or perhaps his wife was Gertrude?
iv. Robert MacIntyre, b. 23 Oct. 1879 in Philadelphia, Penna., married Gertrude (__); had a son, Robert who married Ann (__).
v. Mary MacIntyre, b. 23 Jan. [Mary Shallcross says 21 Jan.] 1883 in Philadelphia, Penna.; d. 15
Sept. 1969; m. first, William Grundy; she married second, Joseph "Joe" Sugden, who spent his life in professional baseball.
Margaret MacIntyre, the oldest daughter of Donald and Margaret (Noble) MacIntyre, was born at 6:00 a.m. on 5 December 1874, at 34 Herriet St., Pollockshaw, Eastwood parish, Renfrewshire, Scotland. She died on 18 September 1942 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Margaret married Alonzo Dawson, who lived about a block away on Orthodox Street in Frankford.
Children of Alonzo and Margaret:
i. Herbert Dawson, married Isabel Maire; and had three children.
ii. Margaret Dawson
His daughter Mildred felt that Donald did not approve of her marriage, so there was a certain coolness and tactful avoidance rather than outright hostility. Nevertheless the seven grandchildren enjoyed family celebrations of birthdays, Hallowe'en, and other opportunities to be together.
Children of Donald and Margaret:
i. Elwood McIntyre, unmarried
ii. Leonard McIntyre, unmarried
iii. William McIntyre
iv. Margaret McIntyre, married Leonard Frankowski; had two sons.
v. Irene McIntyre, married Peter Iannuzzi, cousin of Elmer Iannuzzi. One daughter.
vi. Ann or Anne McIntyre, married Earl Kuhls, and had two children.
vii. Mildred McIntyre, b. 22 Dec. 1911; d. 8 Dec. 1993; m. 21 Apr. 1936 in Philadelphia Elmer "Rocco" Iannuzzi. He was b. 17 Jan. 1911, d. Oct. 2002. Rocco worked at Barrett's Chemical Co. (later Allied Chemical), in the Frankford section of Philadelphia, and often he was on a late shift that kept him away from his family on some evenings and weekends. They rented a house at 2606 Ash Street behind a florist shop. Then after their children were born they rented a house at 4716 Almond Street. About 1947 they moved to 6201 Erdrick St., where they spent the rest of their lives. Two children.
viii. Donald McIntyre, unmarried
Mary2 MacIntyre was born in January 1883 and died 15 September 1969. She married twice, first on 6 June 1900 to William Grundy, then many years after his death in the influenza pandemic, to Joseph Sugden.
As a clue to the family's preferred spelling of their name, Mary corrected her name, later, on her son's birth certificate. She changed it from Mary Noble McIntyre Grundy to Mary MacIntyre Grundy. Or, perhaps all along she spelled it MacIntyre and the clerk made an error which Mary then corrected. Apparently other branches of the family spell their surname McIntyre.
Children of William and Mary (MacIntyre) Grundy:
i. Edith Grundy
ii. Margaret Grundy
iii. William Grundy
iv. Norman Grundy
v. Mary Grundy
These are the five grandchildren of Donald and Margaret (Noble) MacIntyre whose descendants have been in touch with me, so that their stories and names can be included. This is a work in progress. If any reader has more information that should be included here, or can correct mistakes I may have made, I would be delighted to hear from you. Please send an e mail to kwg at po.cwru.edu. Merely substitute the familiar @ for "at".
Mildred McIntyre, fourth daughter of Donald and Margaret (Burger??) MacIntyre, was born 22 December 1911. She died on 8 December 1993. On 21 April 1936 she was married in Philadelphia to Elmer "Rocco" Iannuzzi. He was born 27 January 1911, and died in October 2002. The couple lived first at 4716 Almond Street, then bought a house at 4703 Almond where they lived for 17 years. From 1962 they lived at 6201 Erdrick St., Philadelphia.
This page was updated 1/14/2005.
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